Location: typically forms borders of Raleigh County, Mercer County, Summers County, Wyoming County
Flat Top Mountain, also called Great Flat Top Mountain, is among the most important landforms in southern West Virginia. Rising to 3,570 feet above sea level at Huff's Knob, near Ghent, the mountain follows the general trend of the Appalachian Mountains from southwest to northeast for nearly 20 miles. It is a southwestern outlier of the Allegheny Mountains, outcropping some 30-miles southwest of the southern terminus of that range. The mountain is so-called for the level character of the tablelands to its north. To the south, the land drops swiftly more than 2,000 feet into the gorges of the Bluestone River and its tributaries.
The mountain is also variously known according to peaks along its crest -- Pilot Knob, Bluff Mountain (3,480 ft.), Rich Knob (3,360 ft.), Indian Grave Mountain (3,440 ft.), Bald Knob (3,400 ft.), Huff Knob (3,570 ft.), White Oak (3,280 ft.), Freezeland Mountain (3,480 ft.), and Swell Mountain (3,290 ft.).
Flat Top Mountain forms the common border between Summers and Mercer counties, to the southeast, and Raleigh and Wyoming counties, to the northeast. Precipitation on the southern face of the mountain drains into the Bluestone National Scenic River; precipitation to the north drains into the Guyandotte River and by way of Glade Creek and Beaver Creek into New River Gorge National River.
As a result of its elevation, the highland around Flat Top Mountain enjoys locally heavy snows in winter and pleasantly cool temperatures in summer. Skiing is a popular sport on the mountain, and many vacation homes, have been located amid its woodland and farmland. Flat Top Lake, a gated community of vacation properties, is located just off the Interstate 77 junction with U.S. 19 near the mountain's summit at Ghent. Also on the mountain, Mavis Manor an B & B Style Family Retreat. Winterplace Ski Resort, is also located on the mountain, less than two miles from the interstate exit, is among the most accessible skiing areas in the southeastern U.S.